This book provides a critical review of Arab women writers from the last quarter of the nineteenth century to the end of the twentieth century. This study—first published in Arabic in 2004—looks at the work of pioneers and then traces the development of Arab women's literature through the end of the twentieth century, and also includes a researched, comprehensive bibliography of writing by Arab women. In the first section nine chapters that cover the Arab Middle East from Morocco to Iraq and Syria to Yemen examine the origin and evolution of women's writing in each country in the region, addressing fiction, poetry, drama, and autobiographical writing. The second part of the volume contains bibliographical entries for over 1,200 Arab women writers from the last third of the nineteenth century through 1999. Each entry contains a short biography and a bibliography of each author's published works. This section also includes Arab women's writing in French and English, as well as a bibliography of works translated into English.